Rule 2 Definitions

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Terms listed in this section, when used in other parts of these Rules, Regulations and Procedures, shall be defined as follows:

Alternate Team
a group of six people, consisting of five pushers and one driver, designated as possible substitutes for any of the members of an entry’s team.
Assistant Head Judge
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Chairman to assist the Head Judge during the Sweepstakes races. The Assistant Head Judge usually observes the races from the follow car.
Assistant Sweepstakes Chairman
a person elected by the Buggy Chairmen to aid the Sweepstakes Chairman in organizing and supervising all Sweepstakes activities during the entire school year, and to act in the place of the Sweepstakes Chairman in his or her absence.
Braking Capability Test
a test of a buggy’s braking system which demonstrates a minimum performance standard of that system while a particular person is driving that buggy.
Buggy
any vehicle which complies with all of the criteria listed in the Buggy Construction and Performance Requirements section of these Rules, Regulations, and Procedures.
Buggy Book Chairman
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Chairman to organize and supervise all activities required to compile, design, edit, publish, and distribute the Buggy Book which describes the Sweepstakes Competitions.
Buggy Chairman
a person who is in charge of an organization’s buggy program and who is empowered to represent that organization at all official Sweepstakes functions. The office of Buggy Chairman for each organization may be jointly held by two or more people. All Buggy Chairmen serve as members of the Sweepstakes Committee.
Centerline of the Buggy
an imaginary line on a buggy that would pass through the nose of the driver of that buggy and would be aligned in the direction in which that buggy would travel if that buggy was not turning to the right or the left.
Chute
the section of the freeroll portion of the buggy course (near the southwestern end of Frew Street at its intersection with Schenley Drive) where buggies make the sharp right-hand turn from Schenley Drive onto Frew Street.
Chute Flagger
a person required by the Sweepstakes Rules, Regulations and Procedures to be located on the southern curb of Schenley Drive, just east of its intersection with Frew Street, to provide a signal (usually with a flag)to buggy drivers so that those drivers know when to start the right-hand turn from Schenley Drive onto Frew Street.
Course
the public streets of the Carnegie Mellon University campus and of Schenley Park on which the Sweepstakes races are held. The course starts on Margaret Morrison Street near its intersection with Tech Street and ends on Frew Street near the eastern end of the Graduate School of Industrial Administration building.
Course Judge
a person designated to watch the races from some position around the buggy course in order to help the Head Judge in evaluating any mishaps that might occur during the races. Course judges are usually provided by the organizations participating in the Sweepstakes races or be selected from among the University faculty and staff by the Sweepstakes Advisor and the Sweepstakes Committee
Course Marshal
a person provided by an organization participating in the Sweepstakes races to help control the race spectators on or near the buggy course during the races.
Design Chairman
a person (male or female) appointed by the Sweepstakes Chairman to organize and supervise all Design Competition activities during the entire school year.
Driver
a person who travels with a buggy and controls that buggy’s motions by operating its steering and braking systems.
Drop Brake Test
a test of a buggy’s braking system which demonstrates that a buggy’s brakes are currently in proper working order and that the driver is able to actuate them.
Entry
one buggy, one team, and one alternate team.
Entry Withdrawal
the act of removing an entry from the Sweepstakes competition after it has selected a heat and lane for the preliminary races.
Executive Committee
a committee composed to the elected sweepstakes officials: the Sweepstakes Chair, the Assistant Sweepstakes Chair, and the Saftey Chair.
Flagger
a person provided by an organization participating in the Sweepstakes races to help control vehicular traffic on the buggy course during freeroll practices, push practices, or the races.
Follow Car
a vehicle which follows the last buggy in a Sweepstakes race heat or of a group of an organization’s buggies on the buggy course during a freeroll practice, so that its occupants may observe the buggies while they are on the course and assist drivers in the case of an emergency.
Freeroll
that portion of the buggy course over which a buggy is not being pushed by a pusher, usually starting just over the top of Hill 2 and ending between the chute and the Hill 3-4 Transition Zone.
Freeroll Event
the combination of Freeroll Practices and Sweepstakes races.
Freeroll Practice
an authorized time period during which the buggy course is closed to vehicular traffic and participating organizations are permitted to use that entire course for driver and pusher practice and training.
Fulltime Student
a person who is currently enrolled as an undergraduate at Carnegie Mellon University and is carrying a course load of at least 36 units,or who is a last semester student carrying a course load that is at least the minimum needed for graduation after that semester, or who is a graduate student who has paid the activities fee.
Head Judge
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Chairman to observe the Sweepstakes races (usually from the lead car), to hear and rule on all protests and appeals, to render final decisions on any disputes concerning the rules governing the Sweepstakes races, and to supervise and coordinate the activities of all of the course judges.
Head Timer
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Advisor to time entries in the Sweepstakes races and to coordinate the efforts of all of the other race timers.
Hills
that portion of the buggy course over which a buggy is being pushed by a pusher, usually encompassing the areas between the starting line and just over the top of Hill 2 and also between the chute and the finish line.
Lead Car
a vehicle which drives in front of the leading buggy in each heat of the Sweepstakes races so that its occupants may observe the races, especially to view the first place finisher of each heat.
Nose of the Buggy
that part of a buggy that is farthest forward relative to the direction in which that buggy was last traveling. This farthest forward point could be a point on the body of the buggy, a point on the pushbar, a point on a leading wheel, or a point on any other part of the buggy.
Organization
a club, sorority, fraternity, or other group of currently enrolled Carnegie Mellon University students that is officially recognized by the Student Senate of Carnegie Mellon University.
Pass Test
a test of a buggy and driver which demonstrates that that driver has certain minimum driving skills while driving that buggy. This test requires that the driver and buggy under test pass another freerolling buggy during a freeroll practice session.
Pushbar
a structure attached to a buggy which a person can push on in order to propel that buggy forward.
Pusher
a person who propels a buggy forward along one of the five hills of the buggy course by pushing on that buggy’s pushbar.
Push Team
a group of five people who are members of an entry’s team and who push that entry’s buggy during a Sweepstakes race.
Push Practice
an authorized time period during which the uphill portions (Tech and Frew Streets) of the buggy course can be closed to vehicular traffic and participating organizations are permitted to use those portions of the course for pusher and driver practice and training.
Raceday
a day during which Sweepstakes Races occur.
Saftey Chairman
a person elected by the Sweepstakes Committee to conduct the safety inspections required of all participating buggies, to conduct Spot Safety Checks of buggies participating in both freeroll practices and push practices, to help in the driver education program, to observe pass tests, to enforce all safety related requirements at all freeroll practices and push practices, and to evaluate and rule on, any safety related issues that arise relative to any Sweepstakes activities the entire school year.
Safety Inspection
an examination of a buggy by the Safety Chairman to determine if that buggy conforms with all of the applicable Buggy Construction and Performance Requirements specified in these Rules, Regulations, and Procedures.
Shell
the entire outer structure or covering of a buggy which determines that buggy’s aerodynamic characteristics. A buggy’s shell may or may not be a part of that buggy’s driver’s protective cage.
Signal Flagger
a person positioned along the buggy course who, using a flag or other device, signals a buggy driver in order to help that driver in negotiating the course.
Spot Safety Check
an examination of any buggy and its driver participating in any type of buggy practice session at Carnegie Mellon University by the Sweepstakes Chairman, the Assistant Sweepstakes Chairman, the Safety Chairman, or anyone designated by the Sweepstakes Advisor in order to determine if that buggy and its driver are currently in compliance with all of the applicable rules, regulations, and procedures specified in this document.
Starter
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Chairman to officially start each heat of the Sweepstakes races using a traditional starting gun, and to act as a course judge for as much of the buggy course as he or she can see from the starting location.
Sweeper
a person provided by an organization participating in the Sweepstakes races to help clean debris from the buggy course during freeroll practices, push practices, or the races.
Sweepstakes
the official term used to designate the Carnegie Mellon University buggy races.
Sweepstakes Advisor
a person employed by the Department of Student Activities within the Division of Student Affairs of Carnegie Mellon University who has the overall responsibility for directing and supervising all student activities at Carnegie Mellon University, including Spring Carnival and the Sweepstakes Competitions.
Sweepstakes Chairman
a person elected by the Buggy Chairmen to organize and supervise all Sweepstakes activities during the entire school year, including the Sweepstakes races, the Design Competition, the Buggy Book, all freeroll practice sessions, all push practice sessions, the Sweepstakes awards presentations, and all preparation activities for any of these events. After his or her election, the Sweepstakes Chairman presides over the Sweepstakes Committee.
Sweepstakes Committee
the governing body of the Sweepstakes Competitions which is presided over by the Sweepstakes Chairman and is composed of the Sweepstakes Chairman, the Assistant Sweepstakes Chairman, the Safety Chairman, the Design Chairman, the Buggy Book Chairman, and all of the Buggy Chairman from all of the organizations participating in the Sweepstakes Competitions.
Team
a group of six people, consisting of one driver and five pushers, all of whom are currently full time Activities Fee paying undergraduate or graduate students of Carnegie Mellon University.
Timer
a person appointed by the Sweepstakes Advisor to measure the time required for a buggy to travel from the starting line to the finish line of the buggy course during a Sweepstakes race. While performing their duties,timers are under the direction of the Head Timer.
Transition
the procedure whereby one pusher finishes pushing a buggy and the next pusher in sequence starts to push that same buggy.
Transition Zone
an area on the buggy course that is 45 feet long and as wide as the street or lane on which it is located in which two different pushers are permitted to touch a buggy, separately or simultaneously.